Citrulline Malate

Citrulline Malate is a non-essential amino acid that eventually converts to nitric oxide. Nitric oxide is a vasodilator that can help to lower blood pressure and improve blood flow to both organs and muscles.

Studies have shown that Citrulline Malate enhances exercise tolerance by reducing levels of blood ammonia and lactate that are typically elevated during strenuous exercise.

This ingredient will allow you to train with less rest in between sets and elevate your endurance capacity.

A recent research study found individuals who consumed citrulline malate for 15 days were able to increase ATP production during exercise by 34% and improve phospho-creatine resynthesis after exercise by 20%.

 

Betaine Anhydrous

Betaine helps to support methylation reactions in the body which include but are not limited to liver detoxification and neurotransmitter production.

It has been shown to increase energy levels as well as muscle strength and recovery. Betaine‚Äôs effects on the neurotransmitters can help to increase the effectiveness of the ‚Äúmind-muscle‚ÄĚ connection.

Betaine works synergistically with Choline (another ingredient found in RHINO BLACK PUMPED).

A study conducted by the University of Connecticut found that individuals supplementing with 1.25 grams of betaine twice/daily increased bench press power by 20%.

 

L-Carnitine 

Transports fatty acids in mitochondria, which cause fat loss, as well as transporting toxic by products out of the mitochondria. L-Carnitine has also been shown to reduce muscle damage (and thus reduce recovery time) after intense weight training, possibly due to its interaction with androgen receptors.

 

L-Tyrosine

L-Tyrosine helps to activate metabolic pathways that produce the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine ‚Äď which are typically produced during moments of stress on the body and provide a boost in the terms of a ‚Äúfight or flight‚ÄĚ scenario.

Epinephrine and norepinephrine are depleted quickly during these moments of stress due to a lack of L-Tyrosine.

The addition of this amino acid to RHINO BLACK PUMPED will help give you an extra PUSH and can make a big difference to help you FIGHT through your workouts and plateaus.

Hoffman et al. (2010) research results indicate that acute ingestion of supplement including L-tyrosine and anhydrous caffeine, can maintain reaction time, and subjective feelings of focus and alertness to both visual and auditory stimuli in healthy college students following exhaustive exercise.

 

Agmatine Sulfate

Agmatine Sulfate helps improve nutrient partitioning which leads to an increase in muscle glycogen (carbs stored in muscle tissues) which then leads to more water retained WITHIN the muscle.

This creates a fuller look to the muscles and a greater pump while hitting the iron. Agmatine Sulfate also increases NO production by working as a competitive inhibitor of the enzyme NO Synthase.

There are studies to suggest that the nutrient partitioning effects of agmatine sulfate are possibly due to its ability to increase the insulin response to carbohydrates.

This could be further explained by the increased blood flow to the muscle that occurs with increased NO production. LH and GH levels have been shown to be increased through the effects of Agmatine Sulfate and its possible effects on the hypothalamus.

Agmatine has also been shown to manipulate pain receptors which may allow you to train past normal pain thresholds.

 

Betaine Nitrate 

Betaine Nitrate is the combination of Betaine Anhydrous, also known as Trimethylglycine (TMG), and Nitric Acid. Betaine plays a few roles in the body but is most known for providing similar benefits to Creatine. Muscular Power and Energy have been studied benefits of Betaine Anhydrous. On top of this, Betaine is known for its ability to reduce homocysteine levels dramatically, even from a single serve. High levels of homocysteine have been linked to cardiovascular and other health complications. Nitrates are the most effective way to increase nitric oxide levels, therefore, increasing vasodilation and blood flow to the working muscles. Increased blood flow results in increased oxygen and nutrient delivery within the body which can improve endurance, power, muscle growth and recovery. 

 

Alpha GPC

Alpha-GPC’s brain-boosting benefits stem from the fact that it provides the body with a source of choline, which is a nutrient that is used by the brain to produce acetylcholine.

Acetylcholine is a critical neurotransmitter that the nerves use to pass along nerve signals and is what leads to muscle contractions.

Having higher acetylcholine levels allows the brain to function more efficiently. This will also improve your mind-muscle connection, which can have a major impact on muscle growth.

 

Caffeine Anhydrous: 

Triggers thermogenesis, increases energy, and enhances focus.

 

English Walnut Extract: 

This extract has so many benefits but the main reasons we have added it due to it being a psychoactive central nervous system stimulant which is important to enhance levels of both energy and mental alertness, improved cognitive function, improved bronchodilation (open airways) and increased levels of ‚Äėfeel good‚Äô hormones.

 

DiCaffeine Malate 

Produces multi-dimensional energy levels, while also stimulating thermogenesis and increasing mental focus

 

Theacrine

Enhances mood, focus and motivation.

 

Hordenine

 

The main benefit of Hdenine is it's potential to assist in the release of fat from fat cells for energy. Hordenine stimulates the release of norepinephrine. Norepinephrine is an excitatory hormone that energizes the body. It's lipolytic, it liberates lipids from adipose tissue. When this occurs, liberated lipids are oxidized for energy, and this results in an overall reduction of body fat.

 

Bitter Orange Extract

Among other benefits, the reason bitter orange extract has been added to this formula is due to its ability to enhance overall sport & mental performance, energy, weight loss and more.

 

 

SUPPLEMENT FACTS

Serving Size: 1 scoop - 14g  Servings Per Container: 25

AVG QTY PER SERVE

Energy  96kj / 23 calories 

Protein  5.7g

Collagen 3g 

Fat Total 1g

- Saturated 0g

Carbohydrates 0.2g

- Sugar 0g

Sodium  6mg 

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Energy, Pump & Fat Metabolising Blend 

Citrulline Malate 2:1 4000mg

Beta Alanine 3200mg

L-Carnitine 1500mg 

L-Tyrosine 1000mg

Agmatine Sulfate 1000mg

Betaine Nitrate 750mg

Alpha GPC 350mg

Caffeine Anhydrous 320mg

English Walnut Extract 225mg

DiCaffeine Malate 100mg

Theacrine 100mg

Hordenine 30mg 

Bitter Orange Extract 30mg

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Tendon & Ligament Support  

Collagen 750mg

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Ingredient Uptake Support 

Bioperine¬ģ 5mg

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OTHER INGREDIENTS LIST: SILICON DIOXIDE, CITRIC ACID, SWEETENER BLEND (MONK FRUIT EXTRACT & STEVIA), NATURAL FLAVOURING.
THIS PRODUCT IS NOT SAFE FOR CHILDREN. PLEASE KEEP IN A COOL DRY PLACE OUT OF DIRECT SUNLIGHT.